|The GOURLAND had a famous designer behind it; it was the design of Charles Spiro, who had designed the famous and successful Columbia / Bar-Lock machines -- but had experienced little success following that time. Spiro had later designed the (failed) Visigraph machine, a conventional four-bank frontstrike, and whether the Visigraph evolved into the Federal or not (some say it did, some don't say) he was also involved with this latter machine's design. In fact, the Gourland you see here was being developed and manufactured at exactly the same time as the Federal although unrelated. Both failed.
This GOURLAND is courtesy of Tilman Elster, and is serial number 1543.
|At right, patent filed January 1919 and granted September 1921 to Charles Spiro, assignor to the Gourland Typewriter Corporation of New York, which incidentally was incorporated in New York. Note the pin and slot connection between the long key levers, which have a rather unusual shape. Also shown in Fig. 3 section is the different shape provided to the variety of intermediate levers.
The machine was perhaps ahead of its time; equivalent four-bank portables had yet to generally appear. Even so, the machine was not a success and few remain today -- meaning probably that few were made.